Kiến thức tiếng anh cơ bản
Kiến thức tiếng anh cơ bản dành cho tất cả mọi người
- 5 most common sentences patterns will reveal the importance of word order:
The children did not listen
2. Subject+ Verb+ object
Mice frighten elephants.
3. Subject+ Verb + Indirect Object+ Direct Object
Jan showed Karl the book.
subject = Jan
verb = show
indirect object = Karl
direct object = the book
Mọi người phân tích câu dưới này nhé. ( cho nhớ:P)
The flight attendants offered the hungry passengers a light meal.
4. Subject+ Linking Verb+ subject complement
The fence was white.
5. Subject+ Verb+ direct object+ object complement
I painted the fence white
2. There are eight classes of words– The parts of speech: Verb( ex: do, eat, notify), nouns( a book, a table), pronouns( I me, myself, you, he..), adj( shy, sleepy, famous, attractive..), adv(rarely, never, nearly, absolutely..), prepositions (on, between, before.), conjunctions (and, but, or, because..) and interjections.
“v, n, adj, and adv are called Vocabulary that make up 99% of all words in dictionary.
3. Kinds of phrases ( a phrase is a group of group of grammatically relate words that functions as a single of speech. )
- verb phrases: The flowers have wilted.
- The heavy freeze killed fruit trees.
- Preposition phrase: parking on campus is prohibited.
- Participial phrase: Exploring the beach, we found many treasures, the picnic ground, covered with trash, looked pretty bad.
- Gerund phrase: Swimming across the lake is fun. They loved playing in the water.
- Infinitive phrase: He wanted to go to the movie. He asked me to go with him.
- Absolute Phrases: The lunch having been packed, we were ready to go. The star left the gym, reporters following him eagerly.
- appositive phrase: John, my brother, is here today. June 21, the longest day of the year, is my birthday.
3. Sentence forms:
- a simple sentence: consists of a single independent clause. ( I lost my passport)
- I compound sentence consists of at least two independent clause and no subordinate clause: ( I lost my passport, but I dont worry about it).
- A complex sentence has one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause: (Although I lost my passport, I did not worry about it).
- a compound complex sentence consists of at least two independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. (When I lost my passport, I order a new one, but I did not worry about it). ( When signals the subordinate clause; but connects the two independent clauses.)
Source: Harbrace College Handbook.