Kiến thức tiếng anh cơ bản

Kiến thức tiếng anh cơ bản

Kiến thức tiếng anh cơ bản dành cho tất cả mọi người

Từ vựng Tiếng anh cơ bản

Kiến thức từ vựng Tiếng anh cơ bản

  1.             5 most common sentences patterns will reveal the importance of word order:

1.Subject+ Verb

The children did not listen

2. Subject+ Verb+ object

  Mice frighten elephants.

3. Subject+ Verb + Indirect Object+ Direct Object

Jan showed Karl the book.

 

subject = Jan

verb = show

indirect object = Karl

direct object = the book

Mọi người phân tích câu dưới này nhé. ( cho nhớ:P)

The flight attendants offered the hungry passengers a light meal.

4. Subject+ Linking Verb+ subject complement

The fence was white.

5. Subject+ Verb+ direct object+ object complement

  I painted the fence white

 

2. There are eight classes of words– The parts of speech: Verb( ex: do, eat, notify), nouns( a book, a table), pronouns( I me, myself, you, he..), adj( shy, sleepy, famous, attractive..), adv(rarely, never, nearly, absolutely..), prepositions (on, between, before.), conjunctions (and, but, or, because..) and interjections.

 

“v, n, adj, and adv are called Vocabulary that make up 99% of all words in dictionary.

 

3. Kinds of phrases ( a phrase is a group of group of grammatically relate words that functions as a single of speech. )

  • verb phrases: The flowers have wilted.
  • The heavy freeze killed fruit trees.
  • Preposition phrase: parking on campus is prohibited.
  • Participial phrase: Exploring the beach, we found many treasures, the picnic ground, covered with trash, looked pretty bad.
  • Gerund phrase: Swimming across the lake is fun. They loved playing in the water.
  • Infinitive phrase: He wanted to go to the movie. He asked me to go with him.
  • Absolute Phrases: The lunch having been packed, we were ready to go. The star left the gym, reporters following him eagerly.
  • appositive phrase: John, my brother, is here today. June 21, the longest day of the year, is my birthday.

 

3. Sentence forms:

 

  • a simple sentence: consists of a single independent clause. ( I lost my passport)
  • I compound sentence consists of at least two independent clause and no subordinate clause: ( I lost my passport, but I dont worry about it).
  • A complex sentence has one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause: (Although I lost my passport, I did not worry about it).
  • a compound complex sentence consists of at least two independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. (When I lost my passport, I order a new one, but I did not worry about it). ( When signals the subordinate clause; but connects the two independent clauses.)

Source: Harbrace College Handbook.

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